All posts by wiccangirl1995

SSI: Task four – Evaluation (Resubmission)


My written essay
Chelsea Burgin – ssi2

My Video essay

I feel that though I have not completely supported my claim, I have managed to perhaps give ‘food for thought’ on the subject of the princesses. Because when researching into the subject I managed to find views which support my own, however there was a great deal more which went against it. I hope that my research would get others to look deeper into the princesses, and therefore perhaps search out their own views of whether or not the princesses are positive or negative.
If I were to come back to this subject I would try to get the opinions of the children, whom the princesses are targeted at. And see which princess they like, and what they feel that princess teaches them. As I feel that from the articles to use for quotation – it’s primarily written by adults and parents who say about what they feel teaches the princess. And while it’s understandable that a parent has a better idea of what is appropriate or not. Not every child has the same views or ideas, due to the environment they grow up in, and therefore some may look at the princesses differently. As well as looking up to a certain princess because they can relate to them.


Sound Design Project – Task 4

A critical review on my finished edit:

Over all I am some what pleased with my final piece, even though there is much that could be done to improve it.
There are some sounds I recorded myself which suit the shot – and have been edited correctly, e.g the cloth movement and knees hitting the floor.
Though there are a few sounds which I am unhappy, and feel should be done again, e.g the footsteps – they were done too fast, and made it hard to slow them down for the slow motion.
The one sound I’m slightly worried about is the clock in the beginning – as it’s meant to be a symbolic sound rather than part of the bedroom. It’s meant to suggest that something big is going to happen, and it’s counting down to the unveiling of the moment – Babydoll’s mother is dead.

I feel that, despite being only a one person crew, I have done particularly well in managing to get my sounds. Some sounds were created using what I had and planned – set of keys for the stepfather’s keys, and others were created using what I didn’t think to use and on the day – a bag of gravel for the shovel and dirt going onto the coffin lid.
And there are a few sounds I am missing, which I could add in.

I feel though that my organising skills for actual recording went pretty well – as I would make a list before hand so that I knew exactly what was going to be done in the studio, and what was going to come from offline, and therefore on the day would be prepared to get on with recording.

With using protools to capture my audio I feel that I did pretty well as grasping the basics – with help from Jim – but still have a lot more to learn. And I feel the same about Audition, I know the basics and some extras (the extras I learnt from Martyn, a fellow classmate) but still have a lot to learn.

Sound Design Project – Task 2 (Resubmission)

Analyse examples of sound design in different genres and formats
When analysing the following scenes, I tried to primarily listen to the sounds other than the soundtrack. Though the soundtrack can be used to enhance a scene’s atmosphere – without the finer detail noises, the scene wouldn’t look realistic.

FILM: Hugo (2011)

In the begging of the scene we have music that seems to dominate the screen. But then as Hugo goes to place the key in the automaton the music begins to fade to silence to allow the sound of the working cogs of the automaton to take centre stage. There is a small beat of silence. Then as the cogs whirl to life, the music begins to increase in tempo – and volume – to help empathise the automaton coming to life. As if to give a subtle notice that this is a magical moment.
Then the music fades to silence, to allow the automaton’s gears in the arm and hand to take centre stage. And then all the sound that remains is the body gears moving (at a low level) – empathising that this a curtail moment, a hold your breath moment. And then the music returns with force as the automaton beings to write – to give the feeling of victory. But when the automaton does not show Hugo’s desired results. The music beings to change in rhythm, and volume, giving the feeling of disappointment. With the sounds of the working cogs still present, it helps the scene to lose its feeling of victory and wonder. And when the automation begins to stop – the music fades to silence, leaving the clockwork turning sounds. And finally when the cogs stop leaving only steam and silence – the feeling of disappointment, and emptiness, is present.

ANIMATION: Up (2009)

The scene starts with music, and the sound is merely in the background.
However when Russell is being suspended over the buildings, the music has stopped. This allows the sounds to take centre stage, and show that this is an important moment. One could suggest it’s to create a personification of Carl’s mind, as he thinks of his plan to lower Russell to the building but the results would be disastrous.
Once we return to the present the music comes back. But as Carl cuts the balloons, and Russell is explaining how lighting is made, the music begins to fade (as if supporting that Carl is walking away from the young boy, and shows that he is not listening.) After turning off his ear piece there is no sound except for Russell’s voice but at a muffled level. It’s not until the bang of thunder that Carl realises that something is wrong. As Carl notices the increase in the wind, the music begins to rise again (suggesting that Carl is starting to listen, and to set the idea that something big will happen.)

COMPUTER GAMES: Batman: Arkham Asylum (2010)

From the go the music and sound share centre stage. However it’s not until the doors to the evaluator open, and Croc gets out, that the music takes centre stage as it reaches climax. This is done to emphasises the level of danger to Killer Croc. As he sniffs the air the music briefly stops, then as he speaks to Batman the music comes back. But it has taken a slight step back, though it’s faintly heard in the background, as Croc’s physical actions does all the delivering. However as he leaves the music and sound effects share equal level, to give the feeling that the danger has passed. For now.

Sound Design Project – Task 1 (Resubmission)

A critical review of the development of Sound Design Practice:

Arugably the origin of Sound design recording began when Thomas Edison (inventor of the lightbulb) invented the Phonograph. The help towards the creation of the invention came from Western Union who, in 1876, “encouraged him to develop a communication device to compete with Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone.” (Biography, 2016). However it would be that his invention would not be used in the Media industry until many years later.
Films that were first shown in cinemas, during the 1920s, were accoumapnied by “ sound organs, gramophone discs, musicians, sound effects specialists, live actors who delivered dialogue, and even full-scale orchestras.“(Dirks) However as the film’s popularity advanced so did the expectation of the viewers.
After the creation of “Vitaphone Company which revolutionised the film industry. Warner Bros. launched sound and talking pictures, with Bell Telephone Laboratory researchers, by developing a revolutionary synchronized sound system called Vitaphone (a short-lived sound-on-disc process developed in 1925 that quickly became obsolete by 1931). This process allowed sound to be recorded on a phonograph record that was electronically linked and synchronized with the film projector – but it was destined to be faulty due to inherent synchronization problems.“(Dirks) However there were those who did not believe that the sound films would become popular.
The first film to be released with synchronised “Vitaphone sound effects and musical soundtrack (canned music and sound effects recorded on large wax discs), but without spoken dialogue, was Warner Bros.’ romantic swashbuckler adventure Don Juan (1926).”(Dirks)
“In 1926, William Fox of the Fox Film Corporation responded to Warners’ success with its own similar and competing, advanced Movietone system – the first commercially successful sound-on-film process developed in conjunction with General Electric. It added a ‘soundtrack’ directly onto the strip of film and would eventually become the predominant sound technology. [This system would soon replace the inflexible Vitaphone system because it was easier to synchronize the sound.]” (Dirks.)
The first film to be released with the new Movietone system was Sunrise (1927) by F.W. Marnau. This release made way towards other films – including ‘The Jazz Singer’ (released on 6th October 1927) which was the film that was made by the first sound studio. The first talkie wowed audiences, and was considered a step towards the future.
However studio began to run before they could walk. As exemplified in ‘Singing in the Rain’ (1952) there were numerous problems. These included “restricted markets for English-language talkies. Many Hollywood actors/actresses lacked good voices and stage experience, and their marketability decreased. Technically, camera movements were restricted, and noisy, bulky movie cameras had to be housed in clumsy, huge sound-insulated booths with blimps (sound-proof covers), to avoid picking up camera noise on the soundtrack. Artistically, acting suffered as studios attempted to record live dialogue, because stationary or hidden microphones (in either their costumes or other stage props) impeded the movement of actors. Some of the earliest talkies were primitive, self-conscious, crudely-made productions with an immobile microphone – designed to capitalize on the novelty of sound.” (Dirks)
Going back to the drawing board, and not wanting to lose viewers, Studio spent considerable sum to place into buying new equipment, and sound proof studios. The gamble paid off as talkies began to get better. King Vidor’s first talkie – MGM’s Hallelujah, was originally shot as a silent – but it was the first film to be dubbed with a soundtrack that was later added in the studio (a post production advancement.)
During the golden age of cinema (1930s) all silent films were being transformed into talkies. And by the point Silent films had disappeared. During the mid 1930s Film Industries now had Sound-film factories.
The next change in the Sound department would not come until the 1970s. With sound now gaining popularity, as the studios learnt from the earlier mistakes, and therefore becoming the norm for films, the change of technology came with the change. By the late 1970s tapes would be replaced by a new item much thinner.
The Phillips company, which had earlier introduced the cassette, had developed a laser disc for video recording in the late 1970s. Phillips teamed up with Sony, which had developed a digital tape recorder for making “master” recordings at about the same time. The new discs were created by re-recording ordinary studio tapes onto the digital tape, then using the digital tape to burn laser discs. A copy of the master laser disc was then used to press plastic duplicates, which were coated with shiny aluminum, encased in protective layers, and packaged for sale. Unlike the LP or the original Phillips video laser discs, which were quite large, the audio-only laser discs were “compact,” and hence the name Compact Disc.“(Recording History)
The use of CD made more room for storage space, and could hold as much – if not more. However the process was still tedious.
The biggest change came during the 21st Century as digital started to take form. Now sound recordings are stored on computers, and with a few simple clicks are ready to set to the scene. Now is much simpler to cut and delete unwanted sounds – and then undo the step if cut a bit too much.

Bibliography/Reference: (2016) Thomas Edison Biography [Online]. Available from: Accessed: 12th may 2016
Dirks, T. The History of Film The 1920s, The Pre-Talkies and the Silent Era, Part 3 [Online]. Available from: Accessed: 12th May 2016
Recording History. The History of the Recording Technology [Online]. Available from: Accessed from: 18th June 2016

Sound Design Project – Task 3

Role of a Sound Designer:
A sound designer’s role for the production is in the title.
They have to create the over all sounds – excluding the soundtrack for each scene in the movie. Sound Designers “can either be the person who works directly with the director to shape the overall soundtrack of the film or a person who actually creates specific sounds, such as creature roars or sci-fi sound effects.” (Mark,2010).
However they are just one part of the process as others will be brought in to create the other sounds. Foley artists “deal with recreating the finer details that require a high degree of precision: The clop of someone’s shoes as they walk across the floor, the rustle of their jacket as they sit in a chair“(Chegg,2016) using a work shop that resembles a “junkyard of sorts, with various car bumpers, flare guns, and old shoes lying around beautiful recording equipment” (Chegg, 2016). As for the bigger explosions or background traffic noise are “the domain of Audio Engineers.”(Cheng, 2016).

All sounds will primarily be done in a studio so that it’s clear in the final film – with out any background sounds interfering. And with a variety of microphones there are a ton of choices available to help pick the right one for the job.

Chegg. (2016) CAREER SPOTLIGHT: Foley Artist Create custom sound effects that bring movies to life. [Online]. Available from:
Mark, A. (2010) Aaron Marks Special: So, You Want to Be a Sound Designer? [Online]. Available from:

Aaron Marks Special: So, You Want to Be a Sound Designer?

ASD – Association of Sound Design . (2016) WHAT IS A SOUND DESIGNER FOR THEATRE? [Online] Available from:

Original Scene:

For my sound design project I decided to do the opening scene from one of my favourite fantasy films – Suckerpunch by Zack Snyder (300, Watchman, Man of Steel).
Below is my timeline showing what sounds I will need for the scene.
Suckerpunch opening scene – for wordpress

Below is my list of what sounds I plan to do in the studio, and which ones I plan to find online:

• Rain – Outside
• Footsteps – Wet ground
• Coffin lid – Rose and Dirt

• Light switch
• Cloth
• Footsteps – Carpet
• Footsteps – barefloor
• Rain – window
• Falling to floor – carpet
• Button
• Letter opener
• Drink
• Top tearing
• Kiss on forehead
• Door
• Key set
• Light bulb
• Telephone

• Projector
• Lighting and Thunder
• Fire – roars
• Glass breaks and crash
• Gun – cock and fire
• Gas being released
• Heartbeat

The one thing that I will need to remember is to clearly state in my upload to wordpress, and youtube, which audio sounds are not mine, and provide the link, as well as stating that my video is for a university assignment – not for profit.

My finished scene:

Below is my list of links for the found audio, and what I captured in the studio:
lighting clash:



Glass and smash:

Gun shot:

Gun cocking:

Song on radio – a foggy day by Caroll Gibbons

Studio (my own):
Knees – carpet
Kiss forehead
Wood – footsteps
Carpet – footsteps
Shovel – dirt
Lid – dirt
Light switch
Button turning

SSI: Task two – Research


For my research I will be writing what is my personal opinion what the princess give as a positive image – and negative, and then an overview of the opinions of others from the articles I find.


The actual princesses and their release date:
• Snow White – 1937
• Cinderella – 1950
• Aurora (Sleeping Beauty) – 1959
• Ariel (The Little Mermaid) – 1989
• Belle (Beauty and the Beast) – 1991
• Jasmine (Aladdin) – 1992
• Pocahontas – 1995
• Mulan – 1998
• Tiana (the Princess and the Frog) – 2009
• Rapunzel (Tangled) – 2010
• Brave – 2012
• Elsa and Anna (Frozen) – 2013

My opinion of the Significant change to the princesses:
– Sleeping Beauty (slight turning point): First film not to focus on the princess, doesn’t have a lot of screen time. It focuses more on the curse, and those around Aurora who are trying to protect her.
– Ariel (start of turning point): Women being more independent – taking a stand about their personal believes, and leaving home.
– Belle (a big turning point): leaving home, and loving someone for who they are and gets to know them first.
– Aladdin: second film that doesn’t focus on the princess – though a secondary character still popular. She doesn’t want to follow tradition,and voices her opinion.
– Pocahontas: doesn’t focus on finding true love, making peace between two countries.
– Mulan (First film not to have mention of love interest until the end): doesn’t focus on true love, saves a country.
– Tiana: doesn’t focus on having a ‘happily ever after’. Has a normal job to earn for her restaurant – a very nice but “realistic” dream . (Similar to Rapunzel wants to make her dream come true, and goes out to do it herself). Doesn’t get along with her prince but eventually falls in love – similar to Rapunzel.
– Rapunzel: doesn’t focus on true love, about going out into their world to make your dream come true.
– Brave: NO true love, focus on family
– Elsa and Anna: Has true love in the story, but the main focus (like Brave) is to bring back a family together.

The story of Frozen and it’s princesses have recognisable qualities from other disney princess films:
– Little mermaid: Anna and Ariel are similar, they both have naieve curiosity of the world beyond theirs, and they both fall in love with a man at first sight. (Rapunzel is like Ariel as well, she chooses to leave her home and is curios about the world beyond her own.)
– Mulan: Anna goes off on her own to safe her kingdom, and the relationship between Anna and Kristoff starts to blossom at the end (same as Mulan and Shang)
– Pocahontas: Anna kept true to what was in her heart about her sister, despite telling everyone telling her that Elsa was a monster.
– Jasmine: Anna falls in love with a commoner, rather than a prince
– Brave: Focus on family. And is about mending a broken bond between family.

My in-depth opinion of the princesses, and what messages they send out to children:

Snow White, SNOW WHITE (1937)

My opinion:
The first princess in the Disney’s legacy, and part of the early Disney years, Snow White is a typical princess. Beautiful, innocent, kind, fair and dreamer. I see her as a physical form for the beginning of a woman’s life – no judgement towards others, positive attitude and a confidence that anything is possible. This in itself is a positive attitude for children. However the negative to Snow White is her naivety, making her seem gulliable.

Cinderella, CINDERELLA (1950)

Cinderella was turned into a servant due to her stepmother not wanting Cinderella to outshine her two cruel, and ugly, step daughters. A positive to Cinderella is that she has a fiery spirit in some scenes, and despite her situation remains a kind and caring person. The only negative aspect of Cinderella was that she didn’t try to do anything to change her situation, even though she was her father’s only heir to the manor.

Aurora, SLEEPING BEAUTY (1959)

Princess Aurora was cursed as a baby by Maleficent for not being invited to her christening. The one thing I find positive about Aurora is that she likes the outdoors, and loves animals (Snow White and Cinderella both loves animals as well).Princess Aurora is a dreamer, and her main dream is to find her one true love (same as Cinderella and Snow White) – which could be seen as a negative because it seems her whole life evolves around finding this true love.

Ariel, THE LITTLE MERMAID (1989) (A turning point point of Disney, and the princess grow a bit of a back bone).

My opinion:
Ariel was the first – and only – non-human princess as a mermaid of Atlantis. Ariel was the second princess to change her unwanted life style by doing something. Unlike Cinderella, Ariel took a chance by taking the offered help from the wicked sea witch, Ursula, to become human – even though she knew who Ursula was.
Despite this, a positive idea that can be taken from Ariel is that she is independent. Ariel is different to everyone else (she is curious rather than frightened of the world above), and she left her home in order to fulfil her curiosity.
However the negative side to this is that Ariel cut off everything of her old life – the safety of her home, her family and her friends – for a man she just met. And with giving up her voice it could suggest to children that a girl is meant to be primarily pretty to win a man’s heart.


My opinion:
(Belle is a personal favourite of mine, and a huge role model.) Belle is the first princess who started out as a peasant, and ended up marrying into nobility therefore becoming nobility (though Cinderella was turned into a servant, she was still an aristocrat through her father’s bloodline.)
Some parts that make her a positive role model is that she reads book – the first princess to do so – and she is different to what other people want her to be – Belle is a dreamer, a girl who doesn’t simply fall for looks, and, like Ariel, she wants something more than the life she knows. However the best lesson she can teach children is that you should love someone for who they are, rather than how they look – and by getting to know them.
The only negative lesson to be found in the film is that Belle says to children that you can change a person by being in love with them. in the beginning of the story the Beast is a bit harsh (though we see a bit of softness when the Beast goes to Belle in the tower), and yet after falling in love with Belle he becomes more caring and gentle. Realistically, depending on a person’s perception of right and wrong – a person cannot change just because you fall in love with them, and stay with them. Instead they could become worse.

Jasmine, ALADDIN (1992)

(This was the second Disney film to not follow the tradition of centring the story around the princess.) Though Jasmine was not the primary character in Aladdin, she has never the less gained a spot light with children. A positive to Jasmine is that she wishes to defy tradition, by not wanting to be forced to be married. And is the first princess to marry a commoner, also she began to fall in love with Aladdin for he was on the inside.
A minor negative to Jasmine is that she is a bit harsh – even though those scenes are understandable. (Though a way to see this as a positive is that she is no push over.)

Pocahontas, POCAHONTAS (1995)

Though this story follows a princess, and she eventually falls in love, the story is more about a conflict between the native americans, and the english travellers – who come searching for supposed gold. Pocahontas chose to approach the traveller John Smith, learning about him herself. And even after being told by her people they are dangerous – Pocahontas followed her heart and chose to discover the truth for herself. The positive quality to her is her determination to keep to her heart, and an admirable quality is that she managed to bring peace to her people and the english. A negative to Pocahontas is that she trusted a stranger after a short period of time.

Mulan, MULAN (1998)

Like Pocahontas, Mulan’s story is about her saving her people. She took her father’s place in the army and managed to destroy the huns and their leader, Shan Yu. A positive quality to Mulan is that she teaches children that it’s ok to be a different (she couldn’t be like the other girls), and managed to find her own path by being able to fight in the army.) Mulan showed that to become a warrior took time, inner strength and determination – but she was just as good as a man, if not better. A negative was that at first Mulan had to pretend to be a man in order to be in the army. (But even after revealing her true self, she still managed to prove her worth – showing that it’s about not what you are, but what you can do.)


The final 2D princess from Disney – for now – Tiana’s story is not about finding the dream of true love, but finding the dream of owning a restaurant come to life. Tiana’s story tells children that dreams can come true, and that your wish sets your goal/dream – while hard-work gets you to the dream. This a good thing to tell children as it will help with them realising that to get your dream job is not all down to luck.
Having a dream like Tiana’s in a positive way in the story is a good idea, because it’s a dream that is something seen everyday – unlike the dreams that involve fame, e.g. pop star – and a job type that most people will land with. Another admirable quality was Tiana’s inner strength to remain true to what was right, and wrong, despite the temptation by the voodoo man.
The only negative I had with Tiana was that she seemed to be willing to give up her dream to be with Naveen – says “my dream wouldn’t be complete with out you” and is perfectly fine with staying as a frog.

Rapunzel, TANGLED (2010)

The first ever 3D princess from Disney, and the company’s 50th animated film.
Rapunzel is a young woman who wants to fulfil her dream to see the lanterns, which are let off by the king and queen on her birthday. She wants to leave her home and explore the outside world, despite being told by her “mother” the world is a dangerous place – similar to Ariel. She has the – reluctant – help of thief Flynn Rider – whose stolen crown she’s hid in the tower, to be her guide to the kingdom to watch the lanterns. This is her positive trait.
The only negative is that Rapunzel befriends theif and thugs who turn out to be nice. When in reality they could be bad people.

Merida, BRAVE (2012)

Merida is another princess whose story isn’t about finding true love.
Brave is a story about a young girl finding a way to be independent, and also it’s about the importance of family.
A positive thing about Merida is, for a start, her free spirit. And she does, in a way, represent every girl at that age – the want to find your own path and live the life you want. Also the films gives a good method as to how to understand your overbearing parent – through spending time with them. The only negative thing is that Merida is a bit too hot headed in some parts, though while understandable Merida could have been a bit more calm in some situations.

Elsa and Anna, FROZEN (2013)

The latest – and hopefully not the last – princess film from Disney.
The film is about brining back together a family (like in Brave), and that family is for life. A positive to Anna is her curiosity to explore the outside world, but a more honourable one is that she loves her sister Elsa unconditionally – despite Elsa always pushing people away.
Elsa and Anna’s story teaches children to be patient with their older sibling – that they’re just going through a rough time, and just be there for them.
Another positive to their story is that Elsa gives the subtle point that True Love and Love at First sight aren’t the same thing, (something which Kristoff extends later in the film). Another thing that Elsa shows is that it’s ok to put everything to one side once in a while, but you do need to come back if you want to move on.
A negative to Frozen is that, in my personal opinion, though while completely understandable, was the method Elsa’s parents used to help her “control” her powers. Though by trying to get her to keep it hidden away, this only dimmed Elsa’s confidence within herself, and therefore making Elsa hate herself. These inner emotions would affect Elsa’s external use of her powers, and by keeping Anna close by in her home – Anna didn’t have a real clue about the world.

My conclusion of the princesses:
In personal opinion, when putting the princess in a timeline, I feel that the growth of the princess’s behaviour is like that of a person’s life (And in a way could also show the growth of society, and their view of the female gender). Starting out young, innocent, and not with much of an idea of the world – Snow White – and then progressing to a strong, confident, wise young woman, Anna and Elsa.

Disney Fanatic. (2014) Disney Princesses – Are They a Positive or Negative Influence on Young Girls [Online]. Available from:
Johnson, M, R. (2015) The Evolution of Disney Princesses and their Effect on Body Image, Gender Roles, and the Portrayal of Love [Online]. Available from:
Manduke, J. (2015) Feminism and the Disney Princesses [Online]. Available from:
Sternberg, R. (2013) The Disney Princess Effect on Young Girls and Feminist Theory [Online]. Available from:

Audio/visual resources (e.g. DVD, CD, live performance):

Frozen (2013) [Now TV]

Brave (2012) [Now TV]

Tangled (2010) [Now TV]

Princess and the Frog (2009) [Now TV]

Mulan (1998) [DVD]

Pocahontas (1995) [DVD]

Beauty and the Beast (1991) [DVD]

The Little Mermaid (1989) [DVD]

Sleeping Beauty (1959) [DVD]

Cinderella (1950) [Now TV]

Snow White (1937) [DVD]

SSI: Task one – Research Proposal (resubmission)

Research Project Proposal Form – DISNEY (resubmission)

My research plan is to look up articles, powerpoint presentations, and even Youtube videos, online that discuss the personal views of others, as to what messages which certain disney films give out to children.
My final conclusion, and findings of the research, will be presented as an video essay. The creation of video essay will be made using the trailer footage of the disney films – therefore giving me a time scale of how long to talk about each film (or perhaps make it shorter if need be). And the narrative dialogue will be simple explanation of the film’s positive and negative. However since I will not be able to quote every resource I find, there will be a link to my Task 2 page where all my research will be.
The submission will be through video link from Youtube onto WordPress.

The use of online articles is a good source, as the articles will be done by a range of ages (primarily adults) as well as different types of people – e.g. the public and parents.
Though the prime angle (which I’ll be looking at) of the research is opinion, the consideration (I need to make) is not whether they are correct (like looking up facts) but if the opinions are reasonable – and therefore I will need to keep an open mind as I research.