When it comes to making films there is only person responsible for the creation, and driving force behind it. And that is the director.
A directors job is said in the name. They direct others to bring their script idea to life. “Generally, a film director controls a film’s artistic and dramatic aspects, and visualizes the script while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfillment of that vision. The director has a key role in choosing the cast members, production design, and the creative aspects of filmmaking.“(1) In this essay I will be discussing the creative and technical aspect of a director.
On the creative side of a director they have the job “visualising and defining the style and structure of the film, then bringing it to life“. This beings with them either creating a script based on their own original idea – for example Guillermo Del Toro’s Pan Labyrinth – or they can take a book to then present it in their own way – for example, Alfred Hitchcock. “Some directors also write their own screenplays or collaborate on screenplays with long-standing writing partners.“(1) – For example Pan’s Laybrinth was written by it’s director Guillermo del toro, however for Alfred hitchcock’s Psycho the script was was done by Joseph Stefano.
Once the script is finalised, and is deemed do able, a director will contact a storyboard artist – who will then work along side the director, to bring the story from inside the director’s mind onto paper for everyone to see. It will then be a case to bring in the crew – camera operator, sound technician, light operator, cinematographer, runners, costume designers, set designers and even the producer. Directors also sometimes help on picking their actors, and hold auditions – a director will usually be present since they have a set idea in mind how their character looks, and will sound. After the actors are finalised. A director will create a schedule, as well as a shooting script.
Before even filming, post production, “directors make crucial decisions, such as selecting the right cast, crew and locations for the film.“. Also the director will speak mostly with his, or her, crew to ensure that they are aware of their jobs. This is to ensure that each person is aware of what they need to capture, in the end the crew will know the inside and out of the story as well as the director. There will be dress rehearsals with the actors, who will have gone through the script with the director, before finally moving on to capturing the film.
The comes the process of capturing their film.
During this stage the director will have a small input on telling the crew on what to do – since they know their jobs, and the script. “Some outline a general plotline and let the actors improvise dialogue, while others control every aspect, and demand that the actors and crew follow instructions precisely”(1). Directors spend time to speaking to their actors, and actresses, to tell them their motivations – a description of what is happening to the character, and how it affects the character. This allows a actor to get into the right mind frame for the scene. “At all stages, Directors are responsible for motivating the team to produce the best possible results.“(2). And over all whether it the director is whole driving force – an Auture – or collaborates with others.”Some directors edit or appear in their films, or compose the music score for their films“(1).
The creative side is only one half of the director’s job.
At the same time of ensuring that the crew and actors are following the script – the director has to ensure that the acting is captuered in the best quality possible. This is from watching the actors play their roles – and then giving them a small talk on to make it better – to ensuring that the camera operators are capturing the footage as the director described.”They also manage the technical aspects of filming including the camera, sound, lighting, design and special effects departments.“(2). During filming a director will give out brief opinions on how someone is doing their job, if they believe that the job is not being done just right. Such as with the actors – if they’re not quiet showing enough emotion, or not behaving in a certain way. Then perhaps with the camera they say ask a scene to be a captured in a different way.
Even through the editing process – “directors work closely with Editors through the many technical processes of editing, to reach the final cut or version of the film.“(2) Through out the whole process a director will be having conversations with the Producer, who – depending on the type of producer is responsible for tasks “such as selecting script, coordinating writing, directing and editing, and arranging financing.“(3)
Inconclusion, though harsh, the director “is over all responsible for the commercial success or failure“(2) of the film.” as they had over seen the whole process from start to finish.
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